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Perhaps you have noticed that your AC isn’t quite cooling your home the way it should. Temperatures are rising indoors and you go outside to check your unit and see if you can find the problem.

Despite the summer temperatures, you notice that your AC line is frozen and covered in ice. So what gives? Find out more about what might be causing a frozen AC line and what you can do to fix your unit and bring your home back to a comfortable temperature.

Poor Airflow over the Evaporator Coil

When the evaporator coils on an air conditioning unit become too cold, the ac unit pipes freeze.  This is the primary reason behind frozen AC lines.  The evaporator coils inside an air conditioning unit are filled with refrigerant.  A properly functioning AC system extracts the warm air from inside your home and sends it through your air conditioner, where the evaporator coils cool the warm air, then redistribute it back into the home.

If the airflow leading into the air conditioner is obstructed, it can cause the evaporator coils to become too cold, therefore causing the copper lines attached to your condenser to freeze.  Here are some common factors as to why an air conditioning system can develop poor airflow:

Dirty Air Filter

You should be changing your air filter on a monthly basis. If it becomes dirty and clogged, it will prevent air from flowing through the unit and allow the coils to freeze.

Supply Vents are Closed

Some homeowners assume that closing supply vents in rooms that aren’t being used will put less stress on their unit and lower their utility bills. However, this practice can limit air flow and lead air conditioners to freeze.

Return Vents are Blocked

Vents are also used to suck air into the unit and play an important role in proper air flow These can also become blocked and cause the unit to malfunction.

Broken Fan or Blower

A broken fan won’t be able to send enough air over the evaporator coil. The fan is responsible for not only pulling warm air into the system but also pushing cold air into the home through the ductwork and vents. When something goes wrong with the blower motor or fan, your AC system will stop working properly, it will become difficult to cool your home and your AC line could freeze.

Dirty Evaporator Coil

Just as dirt can block the air filter and cause problems, a dirty evaporator coil will also prevent proper air flow. Regular maintenance will help you avoid this problem.

When it comes to troubleshooting HVAC systems, your first step should always be to check and change the air filter. This simple task may be enough to fix the problem. From there, be sure to make sure all the vents are completely open and unobstructed.

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Low Refrigerant Levels

Low refrigerant levels are typically caused by a leak in the system and can also lead to freezing. This problem may also cause higher energy bills, hissing sounds, and an air conditioner that is blowing warm air. A professional will be able to empty the remaining refrigerant, locate and repair the leak and restore your refrigerant levels to normal for optimal performance.

Common Symptoms of Low Refrigerant Levels that can Lead to an Air Conditioner Line Becoming Frozen

  • The AC unit is constantly running despite not cooling your home
  • Hissing or buzzing sounds coming from the outside air conditioning condenser
  • Increased energy bills during peak cooling seasons

Thawing Your AC Line

DIYers are often looking for ways to thaw the AC unit and get the cool air flowing again. Simply turning off the thermostat and turning the fan to the “ON” position for a few hours will allow your unit to thaw out, but this won’t address the underlying problem and you may find that your lines quickly become frozen again. In addition, the thawing process can produce a lot of water. If this water isn’t properly directed and handled, it could end up causing serious water damage to your home.

While it is tempting to try and fix your AC unit yourself there is a risk that you could trigger other problems and still be left with a hot home. Your best bet is to call a professional who can quickly assess your situation, recommend a course of action and make any necessary repairs. Paying an experienced technician now can help you avoid more costly air conditioning repair and utility bills down the road.

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